Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_hover_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 669

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 674

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module_top" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 675

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module_bottom" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 676

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_popup" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 678

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_overlay" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 679

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_text" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 680

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_alignment" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 681

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 682

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 683

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_box_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 684

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_trigger" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 685

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_auto" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 686

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 687

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image_alignment" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 688

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 689

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_css_class" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 690

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 693

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 695

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_x" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 696

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon_close" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 697

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon_size" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 698

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_launch_text" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 699

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_background" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 700

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_color" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 701

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 702

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_distance" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 703

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_margin" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 704

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 707

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_position" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 708

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_background" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 709

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_color" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 710

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_size" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 711

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_transform" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 713

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_strength" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 714

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_scale" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 715

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_animationspeed" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 716

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_hover_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 845

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_popup" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 849

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 855

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_transform" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 860

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_hover_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 669

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 674

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module_top" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 675

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module_bottom" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 676

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_popup" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 678

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_overlay" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 679

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_text" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 680

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_alignment" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 681

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 682

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 683

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_box_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 684

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_trigger" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 685

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_auto" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 686

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 687

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image_alignment" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 688

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 689

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_css_class" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 690

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 693

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 695

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_x" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 696

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon_close" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 697

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon_size" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 698

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_launch_text" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 699

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_background" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 700

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_color" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 701

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 702

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_distance" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 703

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_margin" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 704

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 707

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_position" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 708

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_background" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 709

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_color" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 710

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_size" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 711

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_transform" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 713

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_strength" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 714

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_scale" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 715

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_animationspeed" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 716

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_hover_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 845

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_popup" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 849

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 855

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_transform" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 860

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_hover_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 669

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 674

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module_top" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 675

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module_bottom" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 676

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_popup" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 678

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_overlay" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 679

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_text" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 680

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_alignment" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 681

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_button_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 682

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 683

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_box_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 684

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_trigger" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 685

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_auto" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 686

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 687

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image_alignment" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 688

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_image_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 689

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_css_class" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 690

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 693

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 695

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_x" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 696

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon_close" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 697

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_icon_size" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 698

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_launch_text" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 699

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_background" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 700

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_color" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 701

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_button_css" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 702

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_distance" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 703

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_module_menu_margin" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 704

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 707

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_position" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 708

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_background" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 709

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_color" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 710

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_caption_size" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 711

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_transform" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 713

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_strength" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 714

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_scale" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 715

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_animationspeed" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 716

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_hover_effect" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 845

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_modal_popup" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 849

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_sticky_module" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 855

Warning: Undefined array key "divienhancer_interactive_bg_transform" in /homepages/46/d256347822/htdocs/phocto2019/wp-content/plugins/miguras-divi-enhancer/custom/modules-mod.php on line 860
Epave Haven – Haven wreck
Epave Haven – Haven wreck (en français)

Naufrage du Haven, Arrenzano, Italie – 11 Avril 1991

Le MT Haven, anciennement nommé Amoco Milford Haven, est un pétrolier chypriote construit en 1973.

Il a coulé dans le Golfe de Gênes en 1991, provoquant une marée noire.

Son épave est devenu un site de plongée sous-marine.

L’Amoco Milford Haven est construit à Cadix en Espagne, par Astilleros Españoles S.A. sur le même modèle que l’Amoco Cadiz. Le navire est lancé en 1973, pour convoyer du pétrole brut depuis le Moyen-Orient. En 1978, l’Amoco Cadiz fait naufrage au large de la Bretagne ; le Milford Haven est touché par un missile dans le Golfe Persique lors de la guerre Iran-Irak en 1988. Après de lourdes réparations à Singapour, il est vendu, puis prêté par ses nouveaux propriétaires à la compagnie Troodos Shipping pour laquelle il circule entre Kharg, en Iran, et la mer Méditerranée. Le 11 avril 1991, le MT Haven décharge 230 000 tonnes de brut sur la plateforme flottante Multedo, à 11 kilomètres de la côte de Gênes, en Italie. Après le transfert des 80 000 premières tonnes, il se sépare de la plateforme pour une opération de routine.

À ce moment, le second du navire, Donatos Lilis, explique avoir entendu un bruit très fort, comme des barres de fer s’entrechoquant, peut-être la rupture du couvercle d’une pompe. Une explosion s’ensuit, au cours de laquelle cinq membres d’équipage meurent sur le coup, puis un incendie se répand sur le bateau. À cause de la chaleur des flammes, les pièces métalliques de la coque se dilatent et se déforment, et le pétrole fuit des réservoirs vers la mer.

Les autorités italiennes dépêchent rapidement des pompiers pour combattre l’incendie, et disposent plus de 10 km de barrières gonflables à un mètre sous la surface autour du navire, pour tenter de contrôler le déversement d’hydrocarbures. Le lendemain, une tentative est faite pour remorquer le navire vers la côte, et faciliter les interventions, mais la coque se brise. Elle finit par couler le 14 avril, à deux kilomètres de la côte, entre Arrenzano et Varazze.

Lorsque l’épave est déclarée sans danger, un sous-marin de poche est utilisé pour l’inspecter. Il apparaît alors que la poupe avait heurté un éperon rocheux, sans toutefois ouvrir de nouvelles déchirures dans la coque, avant de s’échouer sur un fond sableux.

Une partie du pétrole restant dans la coque lors de l’accident a brûlé dans l’incendie, le reste s’est déversé à la surface de l’eau. La plupart du pétrole en surface peut être aspirée, car relativement liquide, le résidu étant sous forme solide. La marée noire résultante pollue pendant une dizaine d’années les côtes italiennes et françaises, principalement autour de Gênes.

L’épave du Haven est la plus grande en mer Méditerranée, et repose par 30 à 80 m de fond au large de Gênes. Elle constitue désormais un site de plongée très prisé pour les plongées « Tech ».

Phoctopus plonge sur cette épave le 23 juin 2011, soit 20 ans après le naufrage. Les autorités italiennes ont souhaité rendre hommage aux marins décédés et aux forces mobilisées pour lutter contre ce qui aurait pu être la plus grande marée noire en Mer Méditerranée.

Epave Haven – Haven wreck (in english)

Shipwreck of the Haven, Arrenzano, Italy – 11th  April 1991

The MT Haven, formerly known as Amoco Milford Haven, is a Cypriot tanker built in 1973.

It sank in the Gulf of Genoa in 1991, causing an oil spill.

The wreck has become an underwater dive site.

The Amoco Milford Haven is built in Cadiz, Spain, by Astilleros Españoles S.A. on the same model as the Amoco Cadiz. The ship was launched in 1973 to transport crude oil from the Middle East. In 1978, the Amoco Cadiz was wrecked off the coast of Brittany; the Milford Haven was hit by a missile in the Persian Gulf during the Iran-Iraq war in 1988. After heavy repairs in Singapore, it was sold, then lent by its new owners to the company Troodos, for which it moved between Kharg, Iran, and the Mediterranean Sea. On 11th  April 1991, the MT Haven unloaded 230 000 tonnes of crude oil on the Multedo floating platform, 11 kilometres off the coast of Genoa, Italy. After the transfer of the first 80,000 tonnes, it separates from the platform for routine operation.

At that time, the vessel’s mate, Donatos Lilis, explained that he heard a loud noise, like iron bars colliding, possibly the rupture of a pump cover. An explosion ensued, during which five crew members died instantly, then a fire spread on the boat. Because of the heat of the flames, the metal parts of the hull expand and deform, and the oil leaks from the tanks to the sea.

The Italian authorities quickly dispatch firefighters to fight the fire, and have more than 10 km of inflatable barriers one meter below the surface around the ship, to try to control the oil spill. The next day, an attempt was made to tow the vessel to shore and facilitate the response, but the hull broke. It ends up sinking on April 14, two kilometers from the coast, between Arenzano and Varazze.

When the wreck is declared safe, a pocket submarine is used to inspect it. It then appears that the stern had struck a rocky spur, without however opening any new tears in the hull, before grounding on a sandy bottom.

Some of the remaining oil in the hull during the accident burned in the fire, with the remainder spilled to the surface of the water. Most of the surface oil can be sucked because it is relatively liquid, the residue being in solid form. The resulting oil spill polluted the Italian and French coasts for ten years, mainly around Genoa.

The wreck of the Haven is the largest in the Mediterranean Sea, and lies 30 to 80 m deep off Genoa. It is now a very popular diving site for «Tech» dives.

Phoctopus dives on this wreck on June 23rd, 2011, 20 years after the accident. The Italian authorities wished to pay tribute to the deceased sailors and the forces mobilized to fight what could have been the biggest oil spill in the Mediterranean Sea.

Amoco Milford Haven : Au coeur du géant